Why Do People Have Different Fashion Styles

The term fashion style simply refers to the way a particular person wears her/his clothes, shoes, bags and other accessories. It can also be determined by the types of clothing items that she/he wears in a given situation. Fashion styles may differ from one person to another because of so many reasons. It can because of a person’s age, taste, gender, budget, the situation or the environment.

To start with, a teen’s fashion style is definitely different from an adult. Teens are more prone to be influenced by magazines, famous celebrities, movies and their friends compared to adults. They also love to wear more colorful clothes and accessories which are in contrary to what adults wear. Adults prefer to wear clothing items with conventional color particularly when they are at work because such clothes are formal to look at. They also differ on their hair styles or on how they get their hairs done.

It is another fact that every person has different tastes not only when it comes to foods but also in clothes, shoes, bags, hair styles and accessories. There are people who love to wear different types of accessories like bangles, charm bracelets, necklaces and rings that match their outfits and there are those that are not brave enough to make a loud fashion statement. These people are the types that just want to keep everything simple but elegant. This simply proves that they have different fashion tastes and perceptions.

The gender of a person is another factor that sets a big difference in terms of fashion styles. It is evident that girls do not wear the clothes that boys wear. The same things apply to grown up women and men. This is basically the most obvious reason for such difference.

On the other hand, budget is another factor that contributes to the difference of people’s styles. Basically, people who have bigger budgets allocated for their fashion styles can buy the clothes that they really want while those that are on tight budgets, they can just use their initiatives and creativeness to come up with something fashionable and stylish.

The situation or the environment can also affect a person’s fashion style. Even if a person prefers a simple style, it is unavoidable that he/she has to be in events where he/she must dress up, wear crazy costumes and step out from his/her comfort zone. These events may refer to Halloween parties, masquerade balls and other gatherings. In these events, a person has to fit in the environment and dress up according to the theme of the gathering.

Being fashionable and stylish does not always mean that a person should follow the latest fashion style. Sometimes, it means that you have to be different and find the particular fashion style that fits him/her perfectly. And besides, why should a person base her/his fashion style on other people, magazines and movies when he/she can create her/his own?

The Fashion Toast Of Hollywood

There are some celebrities that always seem to impress us with their outfits. No matter the event they are attending they seem to make the best fashion choices that dazzle everybody on the red carpet.

From their early childhood, we have seen them in various movies, the Olsen sisters have been a part of the celebrity fashion community for a very long time. Their fashion choices can be described as unique and daring. Nonetheless, this fashion style is what determined them to start their own fashion label and complete a book called “Influence” where they have described who are the designers that have influenced them in the course of time.

Madonna is the queen on pop and also the queen of re-invention as she constantly adapts her style to the fashion trends. She made a big splash in the 80’s with her dyed hair, leather jackets and stockings. In the 90’s she shocked the world with her cone bras and flashes of her underwear and it seems that her fashion choices are endless. Her eldest daughter, “Lola” as she is known in the family, seems to have inherited her mother’s fashion style as she has launched her clothing line suggestively called Material Girl.

We all know and love Carrie Bradshaw or her real life version, Sarah Jessica Parker. Every fashion magazine and fashion blog has talked about her and her fashion style. However, we have to admit that SJP does know a thing or two about fashion and her idea of keeping all the clothes from the show was brilliant!

Another celebrity fashion addict is Gwen Stefani. Part rock star, part certified mummy, the blond plated singer started her own fashion line. The clothes that she designs have clear Indian and Chinese influences. She once said that both her and her mother used to saw their own clothes, so it seems that the fashion line was in the cards for a long time.

Fashion is something that is clearly relative as fashion trends change each year. You should build your wardrobe according to your taste and your personality and remember that “Fashion is not a luxury it is a right” (SJP).

Plus Size Fashion Style Advice To Look Great

People in the fashion industry are all too happy to tell you what is proper, and what you should be wearing. This extends to those who specialize in clothes for larger women. Many of these tips are useful, but others are what the computer industry refer to as fear, uncertainty, and doubt. We will attempt to separate fact from fiction.

The fashion tip that plus size women should not “show skin” is not at all acceptable. Why should plus size women cover as much of themselves as possible and hide in “fat clothes”? Zero in on your own favorite feature and go ahead and highlight it. For example if you have shapely legs, wear a short skirt or wear a V-neck to show off some sexy cleavage!

The myth that plus girls should never bare their arms is wrong. It is widely held that plus size girls should never wear sleeveless shirts but the truth is that a little bit of skin showing can be quite attractive. However, if you are conscious about baring your upper arms, you can cover them with a shrug, wear a shirt with lace or chiffon sleeves that give the see-through effect or just drape a sheer shawl over your shoulders.

Women of larger stature should steer away from clothing with horizontal stripes. Not true! Worn correctly, stripes can be becoming. However, a few rules apply; Women with larger hips should limit stripes to the upper body area, near the neck, or the lower body area around the legs. Stripes worn around the hip area will only accentuate the problem.

Plus girls should stay away from bold prints. Pay no attention to this myth! The effect of the print upon a plus-sized silhouette is determined by the spacing of the print. Look for prints with overlapping edges, not those whose major elements are widely spaced. Remember that bold and large-sized fabric designs will flatter you!

Plus size girls should not wear clothes that are form fitting. If you want to send out the message that you are hiding your body from the world, this is the myth to follow. However, it is bunk. Plus size girls should not be sentenced to a life of big, baggy clothes. Clothes that are body conscious, hinting at your curves can be very flattering. The “tight-loose” method of fashion works well here. A fitted cami under a jacket that is unstructured or relaxed is an example. You don’t want clingy fabrics that hug the wrong places, but don’t be shy about letting your clothes hug and accentuate the right curves!

Plus girls can’t wear white. True, dark colors such as black, charcoal and navy are slimming, fit is more important than color. Color can be used to your advantage. If you are bigger on the bottom, wear a simple, darker color there and a lighter color on the top. You may even choose a bolder print on top. The point is that plus girls are not confined to the dark colors, by all means, lighten up! Wear red, blue, pastels, you name it, and, of course, wear white!

Korean Fashion: A Splash of Korean Wave

If you have you been bitten by the Korean bug known as “Hallyu”, and you want to take part of the Korean wave that is currently sweeping the globe, then you can do so by introducing Korean fashion in your wardrobe.

Korean fashion is very now and trendy. And to help you achieve this style, here are some tips to get you looking like a Korean pop star.

Latest Korean Fashion Trends

1. The preppy look

The clean and polished look of the preppy style is taken into another level by introducing layering. You can layer a classic button-up shirt with a bejeweled collar or a super awesome bow tie.

2. Sheer and clear

If you want to stay fashionable in the summer, you can dress up in clothes made from sheer materials to keep you cool and stylish at the same time. Lacy nightgowns are perfect examples of this.

3. Great jackets and cardigans

If you’re not into the preppy, layered look, you can opt for the spunky, rock and roll style. You can achieve this by wearing a studded jacket, or a cardigan with embellishments. By wearing these pieces of clothing, you can definitely make a fashion statement that people will notice.

4. Princess dresses

Korean fashion is not immune to the propensity of most Asians to the allure of anything cute. Dresses with frilly and ruffled details come in abundance. And they usually come in soft and bright colors like hot pink.

5. Flower power

Dresses are made more cuter by having flower details or flower prints. These clothes are perfect for frolicking under the sun.

6. 80’s funk

If you’re still stuck in the 80’s, Korean fashion style will definitely suit you. 80’s fashion aesthetics is stylish resurrected and given a modern, Korean twist. You can have your pick from bold, exciting colors of printed tees, to the lax harem pants and cool and colorful sunglasses.

Famous Pieces of Korean Fashion

If you don’t want a uniform Korean look and you just want a specific piece of clothing from Korea, here are some examples of dresses and shirts that will add an extra oomph to your wardrobe.

 

  1. Figure cardigan
  2. Chiffon striped NB
  3. Indian T-shirt
  4. Sexy baggy pants
  5. Rose top jump suit
  6. Chiffon dress
  7. S. Breath dress
  8. Sexy holed T-shirts
  9. Long & short comb dress
  10. Sexy long & short cutting dress
  11. Cute sleeveless hoodie

 

Korean Hair Styles

To have a complete Korean look, you need to have the matching hair style to achieve it.

Hair styles for girls

 

  • Romantic wave
  • Water wave

 

Hair styles for boys

 

  • Wolf shaggy cut
  • Short onion haircut
  • Medium haircut with bangs

 

What Will Be the Fashion Style Shoes in 2010 Spring and Summer?

The fashion depends on the mood of the people, the director of the famous Italy brand Valentino answered in a interview.

Globally, the design style and fashion trends of clothes and shoes are closely related to the fashion capital French and Italy which are the representative of world fashion and culture. But the fashion culture derived from the people’s unconscious psychic reflection about the world. After 911, the cool colors become the fashionable in the world. Moreover, the style became dignified. And the black color of clothes and shoes become popular in America just from then on. In the 1980s when China was just carrying out the policy of reforms and open-up, the flared trousers were very popular in China. All of these could reflect that the fashion and culture is the mirror of people’s mental attitude. Besides, the economic situation of the district and the local consumption habits will also affect the fashion trends of apparel and footwear.

After the Iraq, the international political situation became stable. And the world economy developed more smoothly. So the people may be in good mood again, and will pay more attention to the quality of life and to enjoy life. Therefore, the avant-garde, bold and enthusiastic styles became very popular since 2005. The warm color has been popular these years, such pink, light green etc. As for the material, mainly are delicate silk, cotton textiles. The fashion colors of women’s shoes and clothes form a perfect match. Beige and light yellow will become the popular color for 2010 spring and summer sandals. The pointed-toe boxlouboutin shoes will be popular. As for the styles, the stiletto heels and the flat shoes will be the fashion styles at the same time! Just to meet the consumer’s different needs of both fashionable and comfortable. And the material of shoes is mainly calfskin with rubber soles. And the Crystal-heels will begin to carry on this summer.

In fact, popular and fashion style maybe not the best for you. In other words, if you walk in the street, seeing everyone wear the same style red sole shoes, do you think that will be beautiful? So in my opinion, the popular and fashion trend could just be used as a reference. Just remember that the fashion and hot style shoes and clothes might not be suitable for you. But the ones suitable for you will always be popular, just to my mind!

Womens Jewelry Vs Mens Jewelry

Talk of jewelry and we instantly think of women. It is but true that jewelry to a great extent is considered the forte of women alone and in spite of the fact that men’s jewelry has always existed right from the time that the jewelry was first invented and crafted centuries ago we still continue to link jewelry with women. However let us not ignore the fact that not only has men’s jewelry been in existence for a long time now but has also reinvented and become an integral part of a man’s ensemble these days. One thing is for certain, that jewelry for women and jewelry for women are as far apart as can possibly be.

The most basic difference between jewelry for women from that of men is the look. The appearances of the two are poles apart. Where on one hand jewelry for women are pretty and feminine the men’s version of the same have a more somber look and are definitely without any frills.

Although these days with men’s clothes and jewelry both witnessing reinvention keeping in mind the changing preference and taste of the modern man, jewelry for men is also catching up with the elaborate and ornate look which was earlier meant for the women alone.

Another very stark difference between jewelry for women from that of men is the variety and options that are available. Not only are the categories of jewelry limited for men, they are also available in far fewer designs as compared to that of women. For example where a woman can choose from rings, earrings, pendants, necklaces, brooches, hair accessories, charms and bracelets to name a few, men have only their staple dose of rings, cufflinks and bracelets to resort to.

Also, the designs between jewelry for men and that of women also vary a great deal in the craftsmanship and the use of diamonds or gemstones. Talking of gemstones, the vibrant and colorful specks can be amply used in jewelry for women but they are quite sparingly used in jewelry for men. In fact the entire look has to suit the different personalities that men and women respectively possess.

But one thing is for certain whether it is jewelry for men or for women, they are extremely sought after for the wonderful way in which they add their color and sparkle, amply in case of women and subtly in case of men.

Tips on Improving Your Fashion

No matter how old you are or what shape your body is in there is going to come time when you are stuck in what is known as a fashion rut. Women who get stuck in a fashion rut you tend to ignore the current fashion trends because you think that the only people who can dress in style are people who are famous or who have tons of money.

One of the best ways to determine if you are stuck in a fashion rut is to take a close look at what you are buying in the stores. If you find yourself buying the same style every time you go shopping or if you find that you only have one good outfit in your closet you need to make some serious changes. Being stuck in a fashion rut is not something that has to be left forever; it can easily be turned around.

The first thing to know about being stuck in a fashion rut is that dressing in style has nothing to do with your size, nor does it mean spending a fortune on your clothes. To dress in style you need to select clothes that work for your body shape, which means you need find out what works best for your body. Finding clothes within your budget is also easy, you simply need to know where to look because all stores carry clothes that are considered in style, you do not need to go to Saks to find the best clothes.

Something else that you need to think about is creating your own kind of style. You do not have to wear what everybody else is wearing, especially if you do not like the looks of the clothes the models are wearing. Instead what you can do is create your own style, which is going to be all about your attitude. To create your own fashion style you will need to be confident about your appearance, you want to be happy with what you are wearing and how you look. By simply acting confident other people will pick up on it and you will be the star of the show. Another part of being confident with your style is knowing what cuts look best on you, but also what colors work best on you.

One of the best things about fashion is that pretty much everything that you need to know, including information on body shapes, can be found online. To find the information you simply need to spend a few hours researching the various aspects of fashion.

Wanting to Lose Some Weight For This Year's Summer Fashion Styles? It's Simple – Eat Yourself Thin

In the world we live in today where everything appears to be automated and done for us, there’s very little natural exercise in our daily lives. Couple this with the fact that as we appear to be busier than any of our ancestors, some find it difficult to fit in time to cook and prepare healthy meals, only adding to unavoidable weight gain.

If you’ve seen some of the latest spring and summer trends for 2010 but feel that you’re currently carrying a little extra weight that you’d like to get rid of so that you would feel more comfortable in the clothing, then take a look at these helpful tips to aid with your weight loss before the summer.

1. Firstly, don’t starve yourself. If you wear plus size clothing and think that by not eating you will instantly lose weight, this is a common misconception of weight loss. When you stop eating, your body goes into a sort of preservation mode, thinking that after the next meal it gets, it’s going to have to wait another long time before the following meal. Due to this, the body stores as much of the food as possible as fat, to allow you to live as long as possible, something which although useful if you were stranded in a desert, is not good for losing weight

2. Drinking lots of water is particularly important in any weight loss campaign. Not only does drinking water with food make you feel fuller, but by drinking 4 pints of water every day, your metabolism is sped up, increasing the rate at which your body digests and converts food from fats to energy

3. You’ll have heard it time and time again from TV, radio and newspaper adverts from the government, but eating 5 portions of fruit or vegetables a day is extremely helpful when trying to lose weight. Chances are you already eat 2 or 3 portions and by simply adding an extra helping of peas with your dinner or having a banana for a snack in between meals, you’ve met the recommended daily amount of fruit and vegetables for the day

4. One of the problems that a lot of people have when losing weight is portion control. Whilst some diet plans may tell you that you can have as much potato as you want if you don’t mix it with lots of protein or vice versa, the truth is that a well balanced diet with proper sized portions is the easiest way to go for weight loss.

If you’re struggling with portion sizes, try and measure everything in hands. For example, a jacket potato that is roughly the size of your fist is a good size and a handful of rice is approximately the recommended serving per person.

5. You should always make sure that not only do you have five separate meals throughout the day to keep your metabolism rate high, but that you have a variety of carbohydrates, protein and fats.

Not all meals need to have a combination of all three, but you should try and make two of them have a good mixture, with the other three acting as smaller meals or large snacks, such as a bowl of cereal or a piece of fruit.

What Do Women Want In Fine Jewelry?

Women love jewelry. It’s as simple as that. The thing most men don’t ever really understand is why. To men, it’s a shiny bauble that can cost a fortune and many times is only worn a few times a year. So, what do women want in fine jewelry? They don’t want a super expensive ring being given to them randomly, they want something thoughtful, well timed, and emotionally charged. Women associate a lot of their jewelry with special events.

The woman in your life probably has a story behind every single piece of jewelry she owns but when she tells it, we just nod and go “Uh-huh” or “Wow”. This is what women want in fine jewelry. A special memory that reminds them of a certain thing you did for them and how much love you put into making that occasion special. Many women are brought to tears when presented with fine jewelry in a well planned and timed situation and that memory only gets stronger with time.

There are some women that just want to get their hands on as much fine jewelry as they can get so they can impress and show off to their friends, coworkers, or other people. The majority of women aren’t like this luckily. Many women know how hard it is for a man to pick out jewelry and love and appreciate it that much more when you select the perfect piece of fine jewelry for them. This can be difficult as men don’t pay an enormous amount of attention to women jewelry. This may require a little bit of thought or even some sly questioning to make sure you get the right jewelry.

Women like to talk about jewelry and a great way to find out what their ultimate piece of fine jewelry is requires talking to their closest friends. Women share information like this regularly while they are shopping, browsing ads and websites, and admiring another woman new jewelry. Their friends should be able to point you in the right direction. While one woman may want a beautifully made cross necklace, another might want a ring with a particular type of gem or gems in it. If you can, take your loved one to a shopping area that just happens to have a jewelry store in it and look around in there. You should be able to get a great deal of information by her comments and expressions as you browse around the store. Does she love the pearls, the rings, the necklaces, or something else?

The most important thing when giving a woman a piece of fine jewelry is the setting and the amount of emotions that are being displayed. You want to take her to her favorite place or set up a romantic night that you know she will love. You want everything to be as perfect as possible because this memory will be entwined with her piece of fine jewelry forever. You want it associated with love, romance, and joy and not something like running into an ex, getting food poisoning, or anything bad whatsoever. If something unexpected and undesirable does happen, save that piece of fine jewelry for a better time. She will still enjoy your special time together. If everything goes wonderfully, and you are both happy and loving each other, now is your chance to present her new fine jewelry.

Your gift of fine jewelry has just made the woman you love the most happy person in the world. That memory will stay with her and that piece of fine jewelry forever.

Is Fashion A Tool For Self-Realization?

The standard clothing of girls and women was for centuries a dress and a skirt with blouse and within these clothing types the designs for special occasions and festive events were created.

The social constraints put on women lost their grip around 1910 in the Western World; women gained more independence and took up careers. Mass production of clothing developed fast and made fashion for women accessible, affordable and more variety was available. Prior to this, fashion was reserved for the rich and wealthy.

Being granted more rights and code termination in society and public life, women realized the need to reflect their newly adapted role in the clothes they were wearing. Equipped with a growing self-esteem and the desire to dress up in styles that signal their distinct personalities, new fashion styles were needed.

Until 1920 skirts of women reached down to the ankles and in the era of the “Crazy Twenties” a sudden change took place. The first mile stone was reached, when women discovered the beauty of their legs and that these were worthwhile to show off. The result was that the hem of dresses and skirts started to fluctuate between ankles and knees.

Physical constraints such as corselets were removed and replaced with brassieres that flattened the bust. Focus on the waist completely disappeared, instead the hips were garnished with loose sitting belts, creating a curveless style. The “Boyish Look” turned into a female revolution, not only in the history of women’s fashion but the general role women played in society.

The first short hair style in women’s history, called “the bob”, was introduced and enthusiastically embraced by the female gender. For many it was a symbol of liberation from the traditional long hair, for others it was simply the fact that maintaining short hair is more convenient.

Ensembles of separate sweater and pleated skirt grew more popular by the day and suits dressed working women and girls. Participating in businesses and being part of the staff in offices, the suits were like a statement of the change that women were seeking a way to find their self-determined place in a world that was ruled by men. The fashionable straight cut style lasted a full decade and the liberation of traditional clothing proceeded with high speed in 1930.

In 1930 women replaced the straight cut fashion with a style that was more in line with their femininity. Graceful, slim lines and a natural waist enjoyed a growing popularity. Feminine shapes were again accepted and also emphasized. The length of skirts and dresses stayed for nearly a decade on mid-calf, to which we refer today as “Midi”. At the end of the 30ies the hem ended 6 inches below the knee where it stayed until the forties. Slightly padded shoulders gave a hint what would be trendy in the 40’s.

In “the forties” the attention for fashion had not as much space as many women wished for. Women had to replace the work force of men in factories and service industries because men went off to fight in World War 2. Women had to be mother and father to their children and kept the Nation functioning. They took on roles that were until then reserved for men only. The fashion then was held simple; the garments had to last a while. Nevertheless an appealing fashion could be showcased and the most eye-catching difference with past styles was the padded square shoulders, which are a kind of symbol for these years: a woman had to stand her ground and needed broader shoulders to carry the load. Skirts and dresses ended just above the knee and were tailored for a small waist. Most popular in this time was the suit composed of skirt and jacket.

Pants, reserved until then for the male gender only, turned also into a garment for women. Presented in a film by a female actress wearing a suit with pants and tie and looking breathtaking sexy, created the “Marlene Dietrich Look”. The pants reached up to the waist and were closed with a zipper on the side. Using a fly for women pants did not even cross the mind of designers; it was simply out of question. Anyway the success of the pants was certain; they conquered the hearts of women in the Western World by storm and are since then vast fashion items.

In 1947 the “New Look” caught the attention of women, replacing the “utility fashion look” of wartime. With the return of the men, femininity in fashion was back too. Women wanted to look pretty and desirable; therefore the feminine flair of the “New Look” created by Christian Dior was enthusiastically embraced. Rounded shoulders, accentuated bust lines and a clearly defined waist marked dresses, coats and suits. Half-circle, ruffled dresses and skirts, were extremely popular. Collections offered more versatile designs, from plaited skirts above the knee to dresses that ended just below the calves.

Created on the streets of America was the fashion of teenage girls. Bobby socks, knee length skirts and sports sweaters was at the end of the 40ies their favorite fashion. This was swiftly picked up by the fashion industry having discovered a new target group.

Teenagers had the feeling that they were very different than their parents. Rock and Roll, the film industry, television and magazines in the 50ies confirmed this feeling as all these trends were in most of the cases not understood by parents nor approved. The fashion industry gladly fulfilled the need of these teenagers to be different. Jeans, T-shirts, leather and denim jackets were introduced and teenage fashion took off. The more rights for own decision making was granted to the young people, the more variety and fashion styles could be found in malls and boutiques.

During the 50ies the way fashion was presented changed drastically. Collections did not last a decade but changed to two collections in one year. An array of clothes was available ranging from full circle, ruffled skirts, supported by starched petticoats to the very popular dirndl dress. The 50ies brought new and dashing patterns to choose from to women. Cotton skirts with a tropical landscape showing palm trees, beach and a sunset printed all around or the cute, slim fit, polka dots ¾ pants that emphasized a pretty figure. Creativity exploded in Paris, after a time of hunger and the fear not to survive the next day. Life was lived to the fullest in Western Europe and America.

Fashion accelerated in the 60ies. From a revival of the “Marlene Dietrich Look” to the introduction of the mini-skirt that celebrates its success up to today. Gypsy followed by the Hippie Look, meaning: girls were wearing see-through batiste Indian shirts with no bras and long skirts or velvet bell bottom pants with embroidered tops leaving their belly uncovered. Jeans had reached the status of evergreens and dressed from teenagers to daddies. Grown women could wear anything they wanted, be it a mini-skirt or ankle-length skirt, figure-hugging narrow skirts or a suit with a rainbow colored blouse, pretty much everything was in fashion.

A loop back to a more conservative style was tried in the mid 70ies. Convincing women to choose a mid-calf length skirt as the only available fashionable length above a mini skirt failed miserably. Women demanded both and the fashion industry provides since then both.

End 70ies children were finally heard and since then designers create also fashion for kids. Children are allowed to choose from a huge diversity of styles & trends and have a voice in how they are dressed and have a clear idea how they want to look.

Fashion is picking up social trends and mirrors the roles of groups within a society. It is an extension of people’s personalities and a tool to express self-realization. It seems that it also mirrors in how far these groups are allowed to express themselves freely in a creative, unhindered way.

Girl Emo Fashion

Girl emo fashion is used to make girls more attractive and to produce an impression of beauty. Mostly the girls who want to get an elegant look to attract the sight of people use the emo fashion. In fact, they have a mission in their mind to attract and impress the viewers. Emo fashion helps them to succeed in their purpose. To adopt this fashion a girl has to do an emo fashion in all the ways such as dress, makeup, hair cut, jewelry, gait, style and smile. All these accessories play a role to make her emo.

Emo dress: Girl emo fashion requires an emo dress because this is the dress which makes them attractive. Clothes are found in a large number of varieties. Beside this, they have different colors and designs. As you know, they play a basic role to make you emollient therefore before choosing your desired dress you should see your body shape and smartness because they are the factors which make your dress beautiful.

Haircut: Hair style plays an essential role to make one’s personality attractive and elegant. It produces a charm in one’s look. You may become beautiful or ugly due to your hair style. All depends upon a factor that your style is appropriate or not according to your look and complexion. Short and curly hair styles are mostly used for this purpose.

Makeup: Makeup is a necessary part of beauty to make you emollient. Therefore it is applied carefully because due to little mistake you may lose all the impression. Commonly, smoky eyes with purple, green and blue color combination are selected to succeed in your mission. Strong foundation is better because it gives you a full change in your complexion.

Jewelry: Jewelry is an important part of your beauty. It is liked very much because you can get an impression in your look. Jewelry contains different designs and colors therefore it is chosen according to different fashion styles. It is seen that how much you want to become emo then color and design are selected.

Gait: Your walking style also inspires the viewers. The cat walk is mostly used by all the models. Walking style should be attractive at any cost because if you walk badly then you may fail in your attraction for others.

Smile: Smile is the freshness of face and if you have smile on your face then you can inspire the people otherwise without smile your face will show a strong and aged look.

Reveal the Inner You With Fashion

Fashion is a way of expressing yourself, your personality, even your political views. It has paramount social implication because it answers a basic human need: projecting opinions and attitudes. We want to stand out or belong to a group because we want to matter or fit in. Just like any other form of communication, we want or need recognition and validation of identity.

Since early on, fashion was meant to create a separation of class, gender, culture or national characteristic. People were and still are discriminated and treated differently because of their appearance. We are superficial human beings at the core but education and good sense taught us that these were mistakes of the past.

Today we like to dress to impress, to feel good about ourselves or just because etiquette requires us to. No matter the reason, we will always lend the clothes we wear a tint of our personality. And fashion style is not restricted to clothes. Fashion style covers all of our choices concerning outside looks and cultural borrowing in terms of behavior, language or social preferences.

Some do not actually choose to follow a fashion trend because it suits them but because it is generally perceived as cool. The reason for this may be because of the large number of options that confuse more than clarify what is better for someone. Retailers try to reach as many societal levels as possible thus not having a clear direction in their design. The good thing is that you can combine and mix anything with anything as long as you are comfortable with it. Your confidence will influence your fashion choice. You are either a follower or a trend setter. Either way, fashion is a quirky reflection of someone’s personality. You can hide behind it or make it interesting and fun, emphasizing a secure self.

Apart from these aspects, as we evolved some people refused to be caught in the middle. The extremes of fashion have raised the latest of society’s problem: becoming overly desensitized. Becoming overly outspoken about your fashion style or being painfully bland are issues that trigger a lot of criticism. The problems revolve around superficiality and exaggeration like dressing your dog with thousands of dollars worth of clothes or taking a limousine rather than walk a couple of blocks. All of these are fashion statements that clarify a social status, as mentioned earlier. Everyone is searching for a special place in the memory of his or her public. In order to guarantee success, they choose to make an aggressive impact for it to last.

Fashion is incredibly tricky and should be treated as such. Clothes and accessories will never actually tell the entire story about a person but will say how that certain person wants to be perceived. It is important to remember this aspect because more often than not, what the wearer wants does not coincide with what or who he or she is in reality. Just like cosmetic surgery, some fashion styles are meant to deceive or better something that is not satisfying. Fashion in general is actually based on people’s vanity.

That doesn’t mean having or choosing a fashion style is bad or hypocritical. What actually counts is that it represents your lifestyle and your activities. All things fake, pretentious and inconsistent are usually detrimental and unflattering.

Beauty Cosmetics

Before applying make up, your skin should be cleansed, toned and moisturised.

Concealer: Apply concealer to any areas that need covering such as, beneath the eyes, over blemishes, redness and pigmentation. If you apply make up over the eyelids the eye make up will last longer.

Foundation: It is best to choose a foundation that is as close to your skin type as possible. Using sponges may give a better result and leave your skin with an even coverage overall.

Face powder: Apply face powder all over your face with a powder brush. Avoid using excessive powder at once as your ski9n may become blotchy. Powder will stop your skin from looking shiny.

Blusher: Apply blush lightly to your cheek bones; it will enhance your cheeks, however, if you apply too much it can appear uneven and spoil the natural look.

Eye liner: Apply eye liner underneath your eyelid and, if necessary, on top. Eye pencils are popular or, using a thin brush, apply eye-shadow. Adding water will create a more liquid effect.

Eye shadow: Eye shadows are available in many different colors and textures and can be applied in many different ways to achieve a variety of effects. Powder eye shadows are most popular and are easy to apply and blend.

Mascara: Apply mascara to both top and bottom eye lashes; black mascara will give the best result. Avoid waterproof mascara if using on a daily basis as your lashes will become brittle.

Eye-brow make up: Apply eyebrow make up if necessary. Eye-brow pencils are great for fine eye brows; they give an excellent coverage and their color stays on effectively. Alternatively, use a fine brush and lightly apply an eye shadow that closely matches the eyebrows.

Lip make up: Outline the lips with a suitable lip pencil; this should closely match your lipstick. Apply lip color in the usual manner.

Britain's Fashion Icons

Britain is commonly known for its bad food and bad weather however some of the iconic faces in music, pop culture and fashion come from the island. You can either love them or hate them but surely you know their names and what they do for a living.

One of the biggest bleeps on the fashion radar is certainly Kate Moss. She has managed to bring into fashion the tight waistcoat and the cut off denim shorts and we have to love her for that. Her look is copied over and over again by many young girls (and not only them!). Her style is glamorous and sexy both on the catwalk and in real life. It doesn’t matter if she had a troubled past (which actually made her more popular than she already was) we still love Kate Moss!

Their minutes of fame are long gone but not so many years ago they were considered Britain’s sweethearts. The famous Spice Girls became celebrities not only because of their number one hits but also because of the outfits they wore both on stage and off stage. With their different, strong personalities the five British singers adopted a style for everyone: posh, baby, scary, sporty and ginger spice. Both their fashion choices and their songs (that managed to conquer the whole world) will remain in history

Vivienne Westwood is one of the biggest fashion designers in the world who is also 100% British. The new wave fashion style and the punk style, that are so greatly appreciated by the celebrities and normal people, are her creation. The guys from Sex Pistols where the first celebrities that wore the creations of Vivienne. Her punk fashion style included, among others, safety pins, razors, bicycle chains combined with shocking make-up and hairstyles. However, besides the outrageous outfits she creates and wears, she also has a down to earth side that has captured the interest of some very famous celebrities among which is Sarah Jessica Parker. She has constantly worn Vivienne’s creations in the movie we all love: Sex and the City.

These are just some of the famous people the British can be proud of. They have influenced us and have made us love them!

Buy Betsey Johnson Shoes On Sale And Add Glamour And Glitter To Your Fashion Style With Comfort

You can find Betsey Johnson shoes on sale at some of the higher-end department stores and some online stores, if you know where to shop. Betsey Johnson has been designing fashion since the mid-60’s, and it’s simply impressive how she continues to design trendy, edgy high-glam styles over the past several decades.

Treat yourself to Betsey Johnson shoes if you’re looking to add some flair and panache to your fashion style! I have three (3) “glam-gorgeous” styles I recommend below that deserve a quick look.

“Ice Pumps”

You can wear these pumps for a special formal evening, or if you just want to dress up a regular day at the office! These heels are so sexy at 4 1/2 inches high, but like all B. Johnson shoes I’ve tried on, they are really comfortable. As the name suggests, they are covered with a ton of sparkle and glitter all around from top to bottom. I’ve received tons of compliments whenever I wear them. I have the black ones, which always offer more versatility, but I’m really considering picking up the gold ones too.

“Wing It Boots”

These boots are totally cute, made with beautiful Suede leather. The styling design is sincerely elegant, trimmed with buttons and scalloped-edging along the side, but there’s a zipper along the inside for easy dressing and comfort. They also have a pretty high-heel at about 4 inches. These look great, and will effortlessly glam up your favorite pair of jeans or skirt in a pinch.

“Walford Open-Toe Pumps”

You have to check out a photo of these really adorable pumps. It’s got a touch of leather, and makes a beautiful feminine statement with three rounds of crystal flower-like buttons presented down the front. The high-heel is about 4 inches high, and it delicately hides a zipper on the back, which makes it very easy to put on and take off. While it comes in black, I think you’ve got to go for the pink pumps!

Finding Betsey Johnson Shoes On Sale

If a Betsey Johnson store is not within driving distance, some of higher-end department stores, such as Nordtsrom and Lord and Taylor carry several styles. You can also find great deals online. Her shoes are very “true-to-size”, so you should have a good experience getting the best fit when you buy from an online store.

Take advantage of great promotions happening this time of year, and also carefully understand return policies. The best online stores offer FREE return shipping, which is very helpful in case your shoes are not a perfect fit.

Shifting Fashion Style From Summer To Winter: Pashmina

Winter weather doesn’t have to mean parting ways with feminine and colorful fabrics of summer months. In fact, it can be a time to let your imagination run wild and indulge in one of the most sensuous cloths – Pashmina. If you learn to wrap, tie, drape, and swaddle in some creative ways you will love Pashmina. It’s a tried and true fabric for accentuating almost any fall outfit with some vibrant colors.

Persian pashm or cashmere wool has been made for thousands of years in the Himalayan regions of Nepal and India by the local people. Pashmina comes from a special breed of goat – the pashmina goat. It thrive on high mountains of Himalaya in India and nepal. These goats shed their winter coats every spring, provide luxurious wool the seed for Pashmina. Local craftsmen then hand-spin, weave and embroider some of the worlds most beautiful shawls and scarves.

Pashmina most often serves the pragmatic need of keeping us warm during those winter months, However, pashminas can also be used to enhance many outfits to add a dash of color with functionality. Consider, you are rushing out of work or to meet a date at the nearby restaurant with no time to change? Add a bold color to otherwise a boring business suit with a contemporary pashmina scarf around your neck. Attending a dinner for two at an upscale restaurant across town, wrap your bare shoulders in a luxurious embroidered pashmina shawl before walking out the door. Heading out for a fun fall day of window shopping and walking around town? Dress up your casual outfit with a matching but more ornate pashmina, gently draped around your neck and shoulders.

If these examples don’t inspire your inner fashionista to run out and buy a pashmina in every shade imaginable, there are some less obvious but also creative uses to consider. Are you planning a fall wedding? colorful pashminas make original and practical gifts for your bridesmaids. You can buy them all in the same shade to go with the bridesmaids dresses, or mix and match for a more trendy and modern wedding party. The holiday season is upon us, and you know it takes time to plan what gift to give to your best friend and to your mother – Pasmina shawls would satisfy the most demanding of your fashion loving friends. For a newborn baby photoshoot, swaddle your precious budle of joy in a bright color, soft pashmina for some striking pictures.

We saved the best of the last, most pashminas are fairly inexpensive, so you can opt to buy a few and use them in all the different ways we discussed above, or let your creative thought meander away to see what you come up with! So, as summer greens fade into warm autumn tones, color your outfits with a vibrant pashmina. The fashionista in you will love it.

Fashion Styles And Haircuts

An old English idiom says: “Don’t judge a book by its cover”. This means that we shouldn’t evaluate people by appearance alone. Nobody likes to be judged by their suit, shoes or their gown. But, sometimes, appearance can say a lot about somebody’s personality, profession, lifestyle and aesthetic preferences. We can often tell many things about people by the way they look.

In a world where the first impression is often decisive, you should try to look pulled together at all times. To avoid making faux pas, always choose clothes that make you feel good and look good, without being too posh or too trashy. And, most importantly, always make sure that the outfits, the accessories and the haircut you wear are compatible and form together a harmonious whole.

Today, we deal with an abundance of fashion trends. Actually, anything goes as long as it reflects your personality and lifestyle. If you want to look classy and elegant, invest in a few quality pieces that never go out of style. Wear little black dresses, pencil skirts, simple white shirts or neutral colored tops with matching quality shoes and handbags. Chic hair buns go well with this office look.

Don’t ignore your nails and your hair either. Even if you wear the most exquisite clothes, the overall effect will be disastrous if you have messy hair and chipped nail polish. A real lady knows how important these details are. An elegant hair bun goes well with a blazer and a pair of fancy pants. If your style is more relaxed, go for casual, comfortable clothes and easy to do hairstyles. Wear leggings or washed jeans with sexy tops and long cardigans, oversized scarves or snoods and fashion jewelry. If you like simple turtleneck tops, you can embellish them with a statement necklace and matching earrings. If you want to accentuate your face, tie your hair up in a simple pony tail.

If you don’t have enough time to get dolled up for the party, don’t worry. With a little imagination and some glitzy accessories, your office suit can be turned into the perfect party outfit. Change those flats with a pair of sexy pumps, embellish your simple top with a beautiful sequin scarf or a big necklace, add a flashy headband over your sleek hair and you already look glamorous.

Developing Your Own Fashion Style

Your style is important. Ask yourself every time you buy anything, every time you make anything, or have anything made: Is it in accord with my style? Does it meet the requirements of correct dress for me?

If you live in a little city or a village and suddenly found yourself on Fifth Avenue in New York City, would you feel conspicuous in your clothes? If friends from the fashion centers of America were coming to visit you, would you feel out of place in your costume? You should not. You have the same opportunity to be correctly dressed as any other woman if you will study and persevere toward perfection in dress.

We must realize that we have a style of our own and that we are of a particular type. This is recognized by every fashion authority in the country, and by every fashion publication, for if all women were to adhere to one fashion, one fashion only would be shown in the fashion books instead of twenty, thirty, or fifty different designs.

Look through any fashion book today and you will find round-and-round and up-and-down lines in the same issue–all with the idea of helping women to clothe themselves correctly and of giving suggestions that will help them individually to find appropriate styles.

Establishing a style for yourself and then perfecting it–be it in hats, gloves, shoes, dresses, or suits–will prove economical, and it will not be long before a degree of perfection will be acquired.

A prominent New York business woman, who is one of the most distinctively dressed women that I know, wears the smartest suits and hats and always severely tailor-made gowns. And her neckwear, usually a jabot or a stock, is so smart that you would never for a minute question whether it is authoritatively fashionable. She always wears high shoes on the street, and usually they have light-colored tops, because she is tall and the light tops of the shoes help to break the appearance of height.

One day, this young woman came to visit me. I could not refrain from remarking about the completeness of her costume. I said, “If I saw your shadow, I should know that it was you by the harmony that your silhouette expresses and the very way you carry yourself.”

She said, “Do you know that remarks like yours are what caused me to persevere in acquiring my style of dressing? I used to think I wanted loose, floppy clothes in which I could relax and be just as free and comfortable as if I were in negligee. Once, when in a ferry boat crossing New York harbor, I saw sitting opposite me a line of crumpled-up women apparently enjoying their slovenly posture. Not one of them expressed dignity or pride in her personal appearance. Not one of the women on that boat, I thought, was unusual or had any desire to know better. I then took a little self-inventory. I was ashamed of myself, because I realized I was not very much better dressed than the other women on the boat. I sat up straight and determined right then and there that I would acquire a style becoming and practical for me and would express that style in the most attractive and agreeable way that I could. And that resolution has helped me more than I can say.”

She was frank enough to tell me that she attributed a great part of her success to having wakened up, to having made herself trim and having kept herself so. She always plans to have one good suit or one good dress–just as good as she possibly can afford; she procures a garment that she has to respect, and that will make her “dress up to fit.”

She said, “If I put on a shabby dress, I will allow my shoes to be shabby and will be careless about my personal grooming; but when I have a dress that I have to be particular about, I always have my hair, my shoes, my gloves, my corset–everything–Just right for it, and I always look very much better.”

Living up to your clothes, creating a style, and being equal to an intelligent expression of it are worth many dollars to a woman who wants to be a success in business, in the home, or in social life.

How to Find That the Natural Cosmetics You Buy Truly Are Natural

With increasing awareness of the harmful effects synthetic products can do to our bodies, more and more people are getting interested in natural cosmetics & beauty products. Because of the booming popularity of natural beauty cosmetics, today, one can find a natural product for skin care, hair care, nail care and more.

However, the word natural can have a multitude of meanings and therefore, it is important to understand what actually ‘natural’ means, so that you be certain that the natural beauty cosmetics you buy really are natural? The best way is educate yourself. It is wise to start with reading labels. Companies that follow good practice and International norms print the ingredients of the product over the packaging label. Research over the Internet and learn what are the popular herbs or natural ingredients are used for that particular product. You can search ingredient(s) over Internet and find whether they are really natural or not!

It is worth it to spend some time researching the different companies and their product lines, so that you can trust the natural beauty cosmetics you buy really are natural. Cosmetic companies call just about anything natural because the government doesn’t regulate use of word ‘Natural’. The best solution is to know what most experts agree we should avoid. If you find any of following as ingredient in the label of the product, do not buy it:

– Lead: Found within coloring agents of some lipsticks and hair dye.
– Mercury: Found within preservatives used in some mascaras and eye liners.
– Phthalates: A chemical used in fragrance to stabilize scent.
– Sodium lauryl sulfate: Used in soaps such as shampoo and hand wash.
Environmental groups also caution against ingredients such as parabens (which are used as preservatives); petrochemicals and their by-products (often found in skin creams, foundations, and lip balms); mercury (in mascara and eyedrops); and dioxane (in shampoos and body washes);

Dressing For a "Brave New London" – Examining the Iconic Look of Twiggy and the Mod Style

Even before I crossed the Atlantic Ocean, I knew there was something special about London and the United Kingdom. After all, how could a place that is smaller than the state of Oregon produce so many legendary musicians, such as The Beatles, Elton John, Radiohead and Underworld. How could it produce cult movies such as Clockwork Orange, Trainspotters and Shawn Of The Dead. It’s my belief that only great cultural centers could produce such great art.

Fashion is another cultural phenomenon that has echoed across the world. In popular culture, the Mod subculture and style was born on the streets of London in the 50s, but it still lives on throughout today on the streets of San Francisco, New York, Hong Kong, Moscow, etc.

The origination of the Mod style can actually be traced back to Mary Quant, a British fashion designer. Through her boutique on Kings Road in London, she let loose a style that the masses would eventually make their own.

It’s never easy to explain a fashion style. After all, fashion is meant to be a visual art. The best way to explain a fashion style is by looking at those iconic figures who the general audience associates with that style. In the case of Mod, The English model Twiggy may be the most iconic figure of this style.

In her most simple outfits, Twiggy could be seen wearing a simple solid color a-line shift dress. The shift dress is a corner stone of the Mod style. The shift dress is defined as a dress without waist shaping or seam. When laid out flat, the shift dress is very geometrically shaped in nature. In fact, the Mod style can be described as a very geometrical fashion style, especially compared to the Bohemian style with its flutter sleeves and floaty tops. It is rare to see a photograph of Twiggy in the 50s and 60s where she is not wearing something geometric.

Another defining characteristic of the shift dresses worn by Twiggy is the length. Though there are those who would dispute this claim, Mary Quant has also been credited with creating the mini skirt and dress or at least making it popular among the young women of the United Kingdom. Quant believed the mini skirt to be liberating and also practical, allowing women to run after the bus. Quant’s mini dresses and skirts were raised 6 or 7 inches above the knee, attracting women who were interested in something daring and outside of what adults found socially acceptable.

Additionally, when browsing through photo galleries of Twiggy, one would find her in horizontal striped tunics and dresses. Mod stripes should not be mistaken for nautical stripes. Nautical stripes are meant to be more sophisticated and classic American style. Meanwhile, Mod stripes are far from classic. Mod stripes are thicker, bolder, and more glitzy, further defining the Mod style apart from traditional more conservative English dress.

Finally, since the Mod style originated in London, a jacket or coat is necessary to walk the often gloomy and wet streets. In public photos of Twiggy, she rarely dawned a jacket. Rather, she is mostly photographed wearing a statement coat with a check print. Just like the Mod mini dress, the coat should take on the a-line shape and slightly longer than the mini dress. In fact, the Mod coat, when buttoned up, should almost be mistaken as a dress itself.

Though Twiggy is seen as the iconic figure for the Mod style, women across London and the world have influenced the look with such pieces as the flat boot, boxy jacket, and double-breasted coat, etc. Nonetheless, if one is inspired to relive this era in London history, Twiggy can show one how to do so with sexiness and style, characteristics that women still strive for today.

Fashionable Style For Athletic Women

It’s been a long time since women have been actively participating in different kinds of sports. Athletic women apparel can be just simple t-shirt and shorts. Many sporty women are thought to be lesbians because of what they wear. But with the rise of the fashionable sports icon such as Maria Sharapova, women have learned to combine fashion and sports perfectly.

Even you are into “boy’s sports” or any other sports, you can still look good and fashionable. Here are some of the tips on how to balance fashion and sports.

• Putting some details on your uniform is one way of being stylish without sacrificing the total look of your uniform. You can ask your clothing suppliers to put embroidery hemlines or necklines. You can also have different designs like butterflies, flowers or whatever icon you want to put for your outfit. Other details such as ribbons or buttons that you can add to your outfit depending on the sports that you are in.

• Try new different colors to your uniform for a trendier look. Don’t be afraid to mix and match colors like pink, red and yellow with the neutral one such as black and white for more elegant mishmash. You can also make use of glittering colors like gold and silver. But don’t make use of too much color.

• The kind of design of the uniform makes it stand out. But you cannot just put designs on your uniform without taking into consideration its suitability and functionality for the game. You can play with the cuts and fabrics that will be using. Patterns are also great designs that you can include to your uniform. You can also use fabrics that have patterns that match the design that you want.

• In sports, the opportunities for you to add different accessories are limitless. Even sports attire has its appropriate accessories that you can add to your look. There are different wholesale apparel like wrist bands, brightly colored athletic tanks and other paraphernalia that will complete your outfit. Personalized accessories can also be used.

Sporty women who combine fashion and athleticism are getting much more attention nowadays. There are numerous ways that an athletic woman can achieve that striking feminine charm even in a sporty outfit, one just have to know the right mix and match of designs and styles.

Travel Risk Management: Are You Ready for a Crisis?

Introduction

If you know that business travel is not without its risk and the potential for crisis, then you need to read this article. In this article we are going to talk about the management and containment of crisis as it relates to travelers and travel managers. The objective of this article is to share with you the collective knowledge on managing crisis and significantly improve your ability to identify and manage a crisis but also improve your business travel efficiency.

During this article I am going to discuss travel risk myths, crisis management, plans and options so you can immediately compare or improve your own travel risk management system for your travelers or travel management department.

Crisis by definition is something you didn’t have a plan for or something in which you are unprepared. Additionally, it can be a series of events that in concert create a crisis. Events or issues that occur, to which you have a plan and strategy, is merely an incident.

Crisis Management/Leadership

The first thing is to clarify what is the difference between crisis management and leadership. More importantly, which one is the more important?

Crisis management relates to the response to event/s that threaten your business, travelers or travel activity. The event leads and you follow with plans, decisions and actions.

Crisis leadership, on the other hand, is more about getting ahead of the events and issues to prevent, management and even contain the impact to your business or business travel activities. While management is a portion of the leadership demand, your actions and involvement lead the outcomes rather than a more passive wait and act approach with pure crisis management.

Crisis leadership is the less practiced of the two, but the most significant in terms of results and reduction in risk and impact. If you take nothing else away from this session, it should be that your focus should always be on Crisis Leadership, not crisis management.

Myths

There are many myths and half-truths about crisis, disruption and threats within the travel management sector. Much of this misinformation has originated from travelers themselves, media, travel managers, friends and family or so called “experts”.

For example, many travelers and planners are focused on terrorism. The reality is, you have a very, very small chance of being exposed or affected directly by a terrorist act. It doesn’t mean you should discount it as a threat altogether but it shouldn’t dominate your plans or processes if not a proportional threat to you and your travelers. Conversely, almost everyone overlooks motor vehicle accidents. Yet, they happen far more frequently, can have devastating affect on travelers and are the least common plan contained within company travel management departments.

Travelers and travel managers must be prepared, educated and have supporting plans for any event that has the potential to delay, disrupt or harm the traveler or the business.

The most common events include:

  • Motor vehicle accidents
  • Airline delays or cancellations
  • Airport closures or disruptions
  • Transport delays
  • Bad weather
  • Sickness and illness
  • Petty crimes
  • Hotel fires
  • Political disputes
  • Demonstrations and gatherings

Motor vehicle accidents within your own country can be stressful and dangerous but on an overseas business trip they can be 100 times more challenging and dangerous. Consider language, local authorities, first respond, standard of healthcare, families and support in your plans and initial response.

Airline delays and cancellations. They happen all the time but they are not just an administrative response. You may need to consider safety, transport, quarantines, security threats, government response and wide spread suspension of services to overcome the issue and maintain safety of your travelers.

Airport closures or disruptions. Failed systems, electrical problems, threats, weather, construction and so on can prevent you even getting to your flight. Consider the impact this has on your plans and how your traveler will need to possibly extend stay, move to alternate airport or find accommodation.

All other transport delays and disruptions can create crisis when everyone no longer has access to trains, buses, key roads or even water transport. Have a plan and add it to your immediate decision making process.

2010 and the commencement of 2011 has seen travel of all kind affected by natural disasters and weather. Weather and natural forces have and always will impact travelers. It does and will continue to occur. It is highly concerning how unprepared travelers and companies are for volcanic eruptions, typhoons, floods, earthquakes and general bad weather.

People get sick or feel unwell all the time. This is compounded significantly when traveling. Standard of care, language, access, cost, complications, choice and numerous other location based concerns will determine just how at risk your traveler will be. A single, “one-size-fits-all” plan or solution will fail and you need to be aware of these issues immediately with the onset of an affected traveler.

Crimes are a reality of any city in the world. However, travelers seldom know the risks and may be preyed upon by thieves and criminals. The loss of phones, money, and other items may seem less likely to constitute a crisis but when overseas, injured or not able to speak the local language, all these simple events can create a major concern for your business travelers. This can be amplified if you have a senior executive or a group of executives affected.

Hotel fires and emergencies are more common than most people think. The immediate threat to an individual is fairly obvious but the impact that the lack of accommodation choices can create from the temporary or permanent closure of a hotel is a much bigger concern. This was graphically displayed during the Mumbai terror attacks (as extra ordinary as the event was) when most of the best/preferred hotels were now unavailable in a key part of the city. This removed thousands of rooms for business travelers and forced many to cancel or significantly alter travel plans just because there were a lack of suitable accommodation options, whether affected by the events or not.

Any event that alters the political stability of a location or region or results in thousands of people out on the streets constitutes a risk to your business travel plans and travelers. They can happen spontaneously or take time to develop. The immediate dangers and the ongoing disruption can have a major impact on your business or traveler.

Again, plans, preparation and thought to these issues will greatly reduce the impact and improve your business too.

Now that we have removed the most common misconceptions, let’s focus on the management and containment of a crisis.

Crisis management

The key to successful crisis management is planning, training, plans, decision-making and adaptability.

Planning

Given the issues previously covered, you now have a better insight into how and why planning is important to remove the more emotive issues from the realities of real business threats and events.

Planning needs to include multiple departments and perspectives to be truly effective. One of the greatest weaknesses I see regularly is that departments continue to manage the risk of travel through multiple departments with multiple plans. The input and plan needs to be unified. Depending on the company, it may include travel managers, security, HR, finance, marketing, C-suite and operations.

All plans need to be continuously updated, location specific, aide in the decision-making process and modular enough have elements extracted quickly and effectively. Modern, effective plans embrace technology. Rapid, efficient access to information, along with running updates is the hallmarks of a modern sustainable plan, regardless of the size of the issue or the company.

Training

No plan is effective without training and rehearsal. Training, whether through simulations, drills or live, full-scale exercises are vital to the success of any crisis situation. Such sessions don’t need to be boring or overly complicated but must include travel managers and planners along with the more common crisis and emergency managers.

Increasingly, training is becoming a mandatory requirement for key positions and roles. It can be linked to internal HR processes but must support the business objectives and measurable on how it reduces the risk to people, business, brand and travel demands.

While the plan creates the framework for crisis decision-making, teams can learn a lot from training on how and when to adapt their plans. How the team interacts, strength, weakness, leaders, followers, limitations, tools and many more planned and surprise outcomes are possible with effective training.

Adaptations

No plan will completely script all the events, issues and options available for every plausible travel delay, disruption or crisis. You need to be able to adapt and evolve from the original plan and intention. This can only be achieved with planning, plans and training.

Solutions So what do I need in my plan?

Here is the best travel risk management content for your plan:

  • Objective(the single most important part of any travel policy)
  • References
  • Scope
  • Legal
  • Insurance
  • Finance
  • Reimbursements
  • Limits
  • Priority/precedence
  • Management Authority/ies
  • Situations

Procedure will likely cover:

  • Planning
  • Resources
  • Tools
  • Authority
  • Executive Decision making
  • Limits
  • Budgets
  • Training
  • Compliance
  • Pre-trip admin
  • Providers
  • Booking
  • Accommodation
  • Airlines
  • Ground Transport
  • Safety and Security
  • Health and wellness
  • Emergency
  • SOP/Actions on
  • Insurance
  • Travel Monitoring /tracking
  • Reporting
  • HR
  • Entitlements
  • Threat/risk levels
  • Shelter in Place
  • Relocations/evacuations
  • Management Authority
  • Review

Don’t forget your risk assessment will need to include the key elements:

  • Traveller
  • Location
  • Activity
  • Support/Resources
  • Response

Conclusion

There you have it. Now you know what is required, how do you rate your current plans and preparedness?

You now have the most relevant issues and areas to focus upon that will reduce or contain the majority of incidents you may face your travelers will be safer, your business more profitable and your costs will be contained by reducing your exposure to expensive crisis events.

We have debunked popular travel threat myths, identified the difference between crisis management and leadership, outlined plans and options so you can immediately compare or improve your own travel risk management system for your travelers or travel management department. Review your plans and make the immediate improvements.

You will know when you have an effective crisis management system for your travel risk management strategy when you have little to no crisis.

You may have numerous events or incidents but you have a plan, you’re prepared and your decision making is fast and consistent. If not, you have failed and you will run from crisis to crisis on a regular basis.

Travel Insurance FAQs

There are a lot of misconceptions related to travel insurance, and understandably most people aren’t as well versed in the fine details of this type of cover as I am – I can’t say that I blame them! However, many misconceptions put people at risk of spending unnecessary amounts of money on areas that could and should be covered by their policy.

So, I’ve compiled this mini travel insurance FAQ to assist those who have doubts, worries or questions about what they should look for.

Q: What should I do before going abroad?

A: Make sure you have checked the FCO Travel Advice for the countries you are visiting. Check you have sufficient money and that your passport is up-to-date. Take a photocopy of your passport details and keep in a safe place. Check what inoculations and visas are required. Note down the numbers and addresses of the UK embassy and consulate in the country you’re traveling to.

Q: Should I take out travel insurance before my holiday?

A: I may be a little biased on this one, but yes! It is extremely important that you take out adequate travel insurance even for short trips or visits to Europe, and absolutely imperative in countries outside the EU where different conditions make illness more likely and affordable medical cover that bit more difficult to get hold of. It also covers for cancellation as soon as you book your trip.

If you travel to a country, or part of a country, against FCO advice, it is unlikely that your insurer would meet any claim, however. Should the FCO advice change after you have booked a holiday, check the position with your tour operator and travel insurance company.

Q: Should I be looking at single trip or annual multi trip travel insurance?

A: Only you can answer that really – although single trip is (generally) cheaper, it does exactly what it says and covers you for just the one trip. By contrast, annual multi trip travel insurance will cover you for the whole year on various breaks, making it the choice if you think you’re likely to travel that much. You may find that just taking two trips a year would make annual multi trip travel insurance cheaper than the single trip variety!

Q: What sort of reason for cancellation is valid to ensure cover?

A: As long as your reason is within the scope of cover provided by your policy, then you should be entitled to claim in most cases. Legitimate reasons for cancelling your trip could include an illness or death in the family (as defined by your policy), freak weather conditions suspending travel for 24 hours, burglary or damage to your home, being a victim of criminal assault resulting in you being medically unable to travel, being called up for emergency military service or jury duty (subject to the specific terms and conditions of the policy). Likewise, if the hotel or resort (for independent travelers) you’re due to visit suffers from a terrorist attack in the days leading up to your travel, you will generally be able to claim.

Q: Who pays if I need to be hospitalized overseas or flown back to the UK?

A: If you have proper cover, the travel insurance company should pay such fees. If not, the cost will fall to you or your relatives and friends.

Q: Is a European Health Insurance Card (EHIC) the same as health insurance?

A: No. The free European Health Insurance Card shows that the holder is entitled to reduced or free emergency care only within the EU. You will still need travel insurance to ensure you will be covered fully in the event of illness or injury. The EHIC card will help though, by reducing your initial outlay before you can be reimbursed by your insurance company.

Q: Is my pre existing medical condition a big issue?

A: Generally, yes. Check the wording of your policy to ensure it covers pre-existing medical conditions. Often they’re not covered unless you pay an extra premium, and if you fail to declare your condition when you buy your cover, you’ll be unable to claim on it. As always the key advice here is to check the policy wording with a fine tooth comb.

Q: How can I find out whether it is safe to travel to a particular country?

A: It is strongly advised that you check the FCO Travel Advice section of their website. This information is regularly updated and should give you solid advice on where is and is not safe to travel (remember, areas officially outlined as ‘unsafe’ will seldom be covered by travel insurance policies).

Q: Is it safe to travel after a terrorist attack overseas?

A: Unfortunately, there is no such thing as risk-free travel, and the absence of advice against travel to a particular country or area does not imply that the FCO guarantees safety in that country or area.

I hope this travel insurance FAQ has proved useful – it’s only really scratching the service and each policy is different, but with this advice you should be in a better position to shop around, next time you need to purchase travel insurance.

Prominent Architects in Phoenix

Working with outstanding Phoenix real estate agents is one of the best ways to find the perfect Phoenix homes that will best meet you and your family’s needs. Once a Phoenix realtor understands the type of property you wish to purchase, he or she will apply that criteria when searching every Phoenix real estate listing until the best property matches are found, thus saving you time and money. As you begin settling in, you will have ample opportunities to explore this beautiful city. Phoenix is home to several prominent architects whose talent is on display in remarkable buildings in Phoenix that they have designed.

Phoenix-based Gould Evans Associates, LC + Wendell Burnett Architects were honored with the 2007 American Institute Honor Awards for Architecture for their design of the Palo Verde Library/Maryvale Community Center owned by the City of Phoenix. The connection of the mind and body was used as a design theme that features two equally sized “volumes,” which are lit at the bottom and top, so you can see the activity going on inside from the outside. The library is housed in one side, and the gymnasium in the other. Care was taken to incorporate “green” building products, including floor tile made from recycled tires and cork, while walls were made from oriented strand board made from recycled wood. Formaldehyde-free insulation was also used.

The award-winning Phoenix architectural firm of richard + bauer Architecture was the design organization that created the Meinel Optical Science Research Building for the University of Arizona in Tucson. Principals James Richard, Kelly Bauer, and Stephen Kennedy’s building features a concrete wall that is covered with red-bronze copper treatment to relate in tone to bricks used on the campus. To give the feeling of a darkroom, openings allow light into the building, and the light plays off the rooms within. For their work on this important building, richard + bauer Architecture were also awarded the 2007 American Institute of Architects Honor Award.

There still occasionally come on the Phoenix market vintage homes designed by Ralph Haver. Haver was a prominent Phoenix architect in the 1950s who made his mark in contemporary-styled single-family homes. His designs often feature window walls, clerestories, beam ceilings, carports rather than garages and a low pitch to the front facing gable roof style.

Probably the most famous architect in American history has his foundation in Scottsdale, and that is Frank Lloyd Wright. Known for organic architecture that allows the building to fit into the context that the land itself provides, Taliesin West in Scottsdale is where Wright had his home, his studio, and was the site of his architectural school. Archives of Wright’s work are housed at the Foundation as well.

Choosing Right Home Furniture

A house without furniture often sounds like a flower without fragrance. Furniture takes away the emptiness of a home, and makes it attractive and functional. For those reasons, it’s important to choose the right furniture items that function, add to the appeal, reflect your taste, and provide a great value for the price. It turns out not too many shoppers exhibit satisfaction when they are exploring choices for quality home furniture. One of the major reasons for this dissatisfaction is the lack of priorities that a shopper must set to determine what exactly to look for. Also is there a group of buyers who finds it a nerve-wracking task to select right furniture for their homes out of the multiple choices being offered by internet today.

If you have happened to be facing any of the afore-identified situations, you should seek some guidelines for a better understanding of finding and buying good-value furniture and accessories. Below is brief list of points-to-note to be kept in mind and considered before going on a shopping spree:

Room and requirements: Every house comprises different rooms; the main being living room, drawing room, dining room, guest room, and TV lounge. Each room requires different furniture items for its distinctive classification. For instance, a dining room requires to be filled with a dining table set instead of sofa set whereas a bed room needs to be graced with a dressing-table set instead of a utensil storage cabinet. It is important to determine what room requires what kind of furniture.

Similarly, if you intend to buy a sofa or a cabinet, create an appropriate place for it in your home. A sofa fits well in a living room or a drawing room whereas cabinet should find its way to a bedroom or kitchen depending upon its use.

Furniture replacements: If you decide to redecorate your old home by replacing its furniture with a new line, do it systematically. Choose the living room to begin with, for being the most occupied place of your home. This is where your family members or friends sit, relax, chat and enjoy. Make sure you find and buy living room furniture items in colors and designs that match with the colors of walls and/or floor of your room or house. Once done with your living room, go with the redecoration of a guest room, drawing room, dining room, so on and so forth.

Furniture size: Consider room space before settling on any furniture item. If your room is too large, choose mirrored furniture which will make your room look small.

Wholesale living room furniture: Go for online stores of wholesale furniture where you’ll have more chances to get your favorite furniture pieces at the most competitive prices and get discount deals on your purchases.

A common misconception attributed to cheap furniture is that it is neither durable nor reliable. If truth be written, cheap furniture is the line of furniture that is offered at a cheap price. Quality remains the same though. Hope, you are pretty sure how to choose and buy right furniture for your home now!

Why Travel Solo – My Reasons For Travelling Solo

Many of you reading this article are thinking to yourselves ‘why travel solo… are you crazy’, while others are reading this in total agreement. Like for all travel needs, individual tastes, interests and goals will be the concern for any person traveling.

For me personally I prefer to travel solo myself but It all boils down to the type of trip you’re taking and what you plan on doing… obviously there are times where group or couple travel is inescapable and is of course still going to be a great experience… all travel is. These times could be team getaways, events such as weddings or corporate and clearly for a romantic getaway or honeymoon where I’ll assume that you would prefer not to travel solo.

Maybe you don’t have a partner or perhaps you didn’t know anyone else you wanted to travel with you… but you know with all your heart you want to go, have to go. Are the people who said no going to stop your travel? If so, why? Is it safety concerns, is It the unknown? Those questions might be on your mind, but think about it this way… doesn’t it make it more exciting? Wouldn’t you feel more accomplished if you did it by yourself?

Let me explain why I travel solo and the reasons why.

Avoid The Drama Of Others

Drama is often inescapable as all people including myself has some sort of drama in their lives. However in my experience below

A few years back I backpacked Europe and after about a week or so met up with a group of friends for roughly a month. In this time the couple traveling with us had a bad break up, which in turn almost severed another relationship. That night while this couple was fighting, bags were snatched, wallets stolen and because of the public outburst questioned by the police… and this was just the beginning of the drama, we still Christmas to get through after this. When the whole group of my friends had left I felt relief and like a weight had been lifted from my shoulders.

You may not want to travel solo but if you’re single then my recommendation is that you at least don’t travel with a couple, not without at least some other single people there.

Indifference Of Ideas

All travelers have their own ideas of what they want out of their travel and so they should. Compromise can be much easier in a couple and certainly traveling solo but in a group it can be a nightmare. You may want to go to a museum you’ve always wanted to see where as the others in your group want to just hit the pub.

Whoever has the numbers or the dominance will most likely win which puts you in an awkward situation. Yes, you could leave and go the museum by yourself but then what do you friends think of you and say about you later on. You may also not be contactable by phone, being in another country without a sim card which makes it much harder to meet up and find out when others will be back etc.

I remember road trip we took just 2 hours away from home with six guys and we had one of the worst weekends away possible. Some of us wanted to go prawning, others wanted to go somewhere else for fishing and some of us just wanted to hang out at the hotel by the beach and drink. The problem was we were all stubborn and because we only had the one car and two sets of keys it caused arguments left, right and centre.

Living In Close Quarters

When traveling with others, particularly for long periods of time you need to ensure that your travel buddy is someone you could live with in close quarters for however long it is you are traveling. We all have friends that we know that are good friends but you could never live with them, maybe they are messy, maybe they are snappy and the list goes on. If you can’t live with them… what makes you think you can travel with them?

Be Who You Want

A bonus to traveling solo as well is that others you meet along the way and you get to be the person you’ve always wanted to be or at least be able to interact differently with others. I truly believe you meet a lot more people when traveling solo as you have more reason to talk to others and you will meet more like-minded people to you as there are no indifference to ideas of what to do.

These are four of the main reasons why I travel solo but there are many more personal reasons like independence my goal when backpacking Europe was to get out there in the world and do it all myself. Escapism is another big reason for me sometimes with work and the same old routine you just need to escape the daily grind and get in some alone time.

Traveling solo isn’t for everyone and isn’t for all kinds of travel but if you’re after a fulfilling holiday and experiences then there really is nothing like traveling solo. You will not only meet more like-minded people, get to be who you want, gain independence and a sense of fulfillment as well avoid an indifference of ideas, living in close quarters and avoid anyone else drama while you enjoy what you want to do on your dream holiday. This is why I travel solo.

School Bus Safety Tips For Drivers and Their Children

Imagine: millions of students nationwide start their day by getting on and off the school bus. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) says that year after year, pedestrians who are usually below the age of 19 have died in school bus-related crashes. More school-age pedestrians have been killed between the hours of 3 and 4 p.m. than any other time of day. The NHTSA has even formulated several safety tips for both drivers and children:

Take note of the crosswalk/school zone sign.

 

  • Drivers: This means that during mornings and afternoons, these areas are likely to be crowded with children — some even on their bicycles or in-line skates. All of them are no match to a bus, so extra care in part of the driver is needed.
  • Children: Do what you learned in pre-school: look left, then right to see if vehicles or people are going to pass before crossing the street. If you could, go along with other children/people using the crosswalk.

Learn the “Flashing Signal Light System”that school buses use.

  • Drivers: Alert motorists if you are preparing to/stopping the school bus using the yellow/red light.
  • Children:Just because they are in a stop position does not mean there is no more danger. Take note of the danger zones around a stopped school bus, namely, the front and back (which are the most dangerous zones) and the driver’s side of the bus.

Slow down.

  • Drivers: Be alert around school zones. Young people may be rushing about on their way to class or to meet a parent.
  • Children: No need to rush when getting on or off. Wait until the bus hits a full stop, with the doors wide open before getting in. Use the handrails to avoid falls.

Visibility.

  • Drivers: For a vehicle such as a school bus, you really can’t see what’s directly below you. Be careful before speeding on.
  • Children: When crossing in front of a bus, put a safe distance (say, 10 feet) between the bus and where you plan to cross. Use sidewalks and walkways where you’re sure the driver sees you.

Backing up.

  • Drivers: Be aware if children/bicycles are crossing behind you.
  • Children: Never be the children/children-in-bicycles who cross behind buses.

To enforce traffic safety, the state of Florida has enforced tougher penalties for passing a stopped school bus while loading or unloading children. Previously the fine was $65.00, however now they are required to attend a 4-hour basic driver improvement course. This course explains Florida traffic laws and provides a refresher on defensive driving techniques.

So, for all drivers before you rush to pass a stopped school bus remember that the school bus uses the red flashing lights for a reason. And for pedestrians and children always but safety first and proceed with caution when exiting or entering the bus or in school zones.

Tips When Buying Home Furniture

When buying for home furniture, there are a lot of tips that you need to be aware of in order to get the best out of the quality and from the price. There are numerous stores that sell furniture for the home and you may get confused on which place is the best for you. It is never recommended to buy the first furniture that you like. Always look for more items and selections first so that you can make sure that what you are buying is the best in the market.

The bedroom is one place in your home that you may want to redecorate. When choosing home bedroom furniture the best tip to follow is finding the best and the most comfortable. The bedroom is your private sanctuary and it is very important that your bedroom furniture is comfortable. For instance, when you are buying a bed for your room, choose the one that you find at ease with. Do not be afraid to test out the bed, its foam and how it feels once you lay on it. Also do not forget to measure the size of the bed that it can fit perfectly in your room. For the home bathroom furniture, choose the ones that can fit into the space of your bathroom. Keep it elegant and simple.

For the furniture in your home, the trick is finding the perfect design and color that can match your place. One home furniture store can carry countless furniture that have different color, designs and materials to suit your home. Some of them may have offers of making made to order furniture if you cannot find the design and the color that you want. These made to order furniture may cost more than the regular ones in the store, but if you have the budget and you are willing to wait, this could ensure that you will get the furniture that you want. When shopping for home furniture, it is important that you are getting items that are of good quality. You may want your furniture to last for years. Paying for cheap but low quality furniture will only cost you more in the long run because you will need to repair or buy new furniture from time to time.

When choosing the sofas or armchair of your living room, the rule is like that of the bedroom, choose the sofa or armchair that can give you comfort. Your guests or family will be sitting in these sofas when you get together or watch television, a comfortable sofa means a lot. Also make sure that the sofa can match your room color. It does not have to be the same color, but something that can compliment your home. There is also other home décor furniture that you may want to add like coffee tables, side tables or a small chair or tea table. These are good furniture to add to your room if you have enough space. Overcrowding a room with furniture is never a good idea. It will only make your home look smaller and disorganized.

Travel Pre And Post Internet

Travel Pre Internet:

I’ve been traveling for over 40 years – by thumb in my early days, by boots in the Scouts, a Lambretta came next and then my first old banger followed by newer old bangers to the beaches of the Costa Brava.

My thumb, boots, bikes and bangers took me all over Europe and the UK before finding that a charter flight to Spain on an old ‘Connie’ could get me to the beaches and bars a lot quicker and allow more time to enjoy the local travel opportunities by horse and cart and the occasional bus and train.

‘Go West and Prosper’ seemed to be a good idea so instead of taking an 8 hour flight I took an 8 day transatlantic crossing from Tilbury to Montreal on the Stephan Batory of Polish Ocean Lines ensuring that jet lag did not trouble my travel plans. Some years later I crossed the pond again on a ship but this time it was 5 times bigger and I traveled in style on the QE2 and dined in the Queen’s Grill somewhat removed from my earlier experience. I highly recommend ocean voyages but cannot see myself on one of the modern cruise ships going from port to port with constant line-ups to get on and off to buy t-shirts. However, I have done 10 Windjammers and a Star Clipper cruise in the Caribbean which were all memorable (let’s hope Windjammer Barefoot Cruises recover from their woes). But I digress.

I had read that Canada is a spectacular country, from sea to shining sea, and my entrance into the St. Lawrence River to Montreal and then heading west in an old Econoline van from the Great Lakes, across the Prairies to the Rocky Mountains before ending up whale watching off of the Pacific Coast of Vancouver Island was a trip of wonder to a bloke from London. Today the scenery is still spectacular and the best way to go is still by road so rent or buy a car, motorhome or motorbike, take the train or tour bus but remember the maps, a fly rod, good boots and take your time.

My favorite part of Canada / USA for adventure travel has to be Northern BC / Alaska, to hike the Chilkoot Trail in the steps of the goldseekers of 1898. The Northwest Territories to canoe the Nahannie River and the Yukon to drive from Dawson City to Chicken, Alaska. If you like the outdoors and can put up with a few bugs, cast a fly and scale a few hills or drive on endless dirt roads sharing the space with moose, caribou, elk, bears and eagles, then these are the places to put on your list. The pleasures and experiences in driving to Inuvik on the Dempster Highway or to Prudhoe Bay on the Dalton Highway or even the Canol Road can only be felt by doing them. I would have mentioned the Alaska Highway but now it is an easy drive unlike the aforementioned.

Today the costs of driving these distances may mean that sharing the journey with others is required, but RVing or simply vanning and camping is a great way to see beyond the horizon. Some enroute adventures now need to be booked in advance whereas when I hiked Denali and the Chilkoot Pass it was just a case of turning up, registering with the local ranger office and heading on out. A little more forward planning is needed for today’s traveller and cost considerations of lengthy flights or drives have to somehow be countered with more careful planning. In the days of reasonable gas prices I would not even consider the driving or flying costs and have driven to Key West from the northwest coast, down the west coast to the Baja and to the west coast from New York. I once even flew my 1946 Fleet taildragger from the Pacific to the Atlantic and back using around 5 gallons an hour of avgas. Before the oil and credit crisis I drove from Rio de Janeiro to Lima, down to Tierra del Fuego and back to Rio covering over 15,000 miles of spectacular scenery and with no consideration about the cost of gas. South America should be on your itinerary too! Some other memorable drives that may now require a mortgage with the gas companies include London to The Nordkapp, Norway, Skippers Canyon in New Zealand and the loneliness of the far north of Australia and the amazing coast of Western Australia stopping by at Monkey Mia and Wave Rock.

We tend to forget that the real cost of traveling is often less today than over the 40 years of my travels. In 1977 my round-trip airfare from Canada to Australia cost over $1700 in 1977 dollars so today it is far cheaper to fly, even with the airlines gouging for fuel, extra baggage, no service and no pleasure. The ‘Big Mac’ method of price comparison as developed by The Economist newspaper gives us a good gauge for most expenditures of today compared to yesterday but my $1500 cost to get a private pilots license in the 1970’s seems cheap by comparison to today, but obviously not when using this Big Mac principle. Other travel costs are also far cheaper today but this should not mean that travelers should disregard the many methods of saving costs that can then be put to extended or improved travel experiences

Travel Post-Internet:

In my 40 years of travel I have had to use travel agents to make even the simplest of reservations and buy tickets, not even thinking to ask them if they had “been there, done that?” It was just a case of there being no other options to buying travel. Now we have unlimited choices and can seek out better travel agents, better prices, better selections and information about anywhere in the world for our travels – without even leaving home.

The Internet now gives travelers ideas and options of Where to go, When to go, Why to go, What to do, Who to book with and How to save money and offset costs. We can search and find experts for every travel option. If we are comfortable with the Internet we no longer have to go to a travel agent to make reservations and buy tickets except to book with some of the larger travel companies that still produce glossy brochures and offer all inclusive packages or tours that only sell through the agency system. The Internet also allows those of us who are smart enough to know when to seek out a top travel agent with knowledge, experience and expertise (KEE skills) of destinations and activities about where to find them. There is no longer any need to only use our local agents when we can find one somewhere else in the world. When we do not need ‘the knowledge’ and can do it ourselves we simply surf the web so that we can book directly with tour and travel operators wherever we have decided to go.

Some travel agents operate their own tours, some are both wholesale and retail, some limit consumer selection by only selling their ‘preferred’ suppliers and some have professional consultants with years of experience invested in gaining knowledge, experience and expertise and are worth their weight in gold to the savvy traveler. Beware though, as some are also called destination specialists and some of these designations merely require the agent to take a rudimentary test offered by tourism offices, destination marketing groups or even tour operators and in my opinion can harm the reputation of the travel industry. A specialist is not necessarily an expert.

Travel is probably the most used commercial aspect of the Internet and if retail agents want to harness this exciting medium to offer ‘the knowledge’ and their ‘kee’ skills to a global audience, not just their local community, they must embrace the changes that are happening. Travelers now have the ability to seek answers to the 5 W’s of travel and the important ‘How to’ save money and offset costs by having information just a click away.

And then it occurred to me that even internet travel prices often include a commission element even when sold directly to the consumer. If we book directly with operators we should not have to pay full retail prices as we are doing for ourselves what a retail agent would normally do for us. A dilemma for the operator is that to show a both a retail and a cost price option could deter many agents from selling the services as travelers could use an agent for free advice and book directly with the operator to get a ‘net of commission’ price. Obviously this two tier pricing is not often available but travelers who do not need advice should also not be penalized by retail pricing. A new way had to be found and I think I have found it!

The need for fairer fare prices is why I developed the Top Travel Voucher program at The Top Travel Club and I even found a dot com for it. All travel selections on the site are at ‘net of commission’ prices for members who handle there own travel arrangements directly with the operators linked on the club website using our voucher program.

I am inviting travel operators from around the world to join this program, from B&B’s, Motels, Hotels, Luxury Lodges, Eco Resorts, Beach Resorts and Tour and Adventure Operators who want to promote their products and services to travelers who are comfortable with direct bookings and reservations.

I am also inviting Travel Agents with knowledge, experience and expertise of destinations and activities to showcase their skills to a global audience of travelers and to the members of this new travel club. I am leery of ‘specialist agents’ and only want experts to showcase their services.

This opportunity is available to the travel trade at no cost except for them to offer net, wholesale or outlet prices to club members and visitors to the website using top travel vouchers. I believe this program offers fairer fare prices to direct-booking travelers. The operator would normally be paying commission anyway but now travelers get the savings because they make their own arrangements.

The Top Travel Club opened in mid-April 2008 offering thousands of top travel vouchers for travel in over 70 countries with around 150 travel operators on-board. Every week we add more travel operators with more choices for members. Currently you can get savings on accommodations, adventure travel, boat charters, culinary tours, hike, bike and dive tours, auto and RV rentals fishing lodges and guides, safaris, vacation rentals, single travel, women only and dude ranches. Members get the vouchers free of charge by paying an annual membership fee and non-members can buy the vouchers on the internet at Top Travel Sites at deeply discounted prices to the face-value. The future growth will include restaurants, travel clothing, travel insurance and the opportunity to access air ticket consolidators who want to deal directly with consumers.

The way I have traveled and the way I see travel is that consumers should have unlimited access to every travel opportunity with the ability to do their own due diligence or to find a professional who can offer quality advice and services at fair prices, and to find all of this without needing endless hours of searching.

To find out more about the new way of cost offsets for travel please go to The Top Travel Club and my apologies for some of the spelling (traveler / traveler) but that is what I was taught. As long as we all understand the meaning, vive le difference!

The Health, Medicinal Benefits of Garlic – Part 1 Getting Heart Healthy!

Part 1: Health, Medicinal Benefits of Garlic:

There are many reasons that adding raw garlic to your diet will increase your health. In part 1 of this article you will learn 10 facts about how garlic affects your health.

1. Garlic supports a healthy heart. It can help you lower your bad cholesterol levels, and prevent hardening of the arteries, among many other benefits for your heart.

2. Organic garlic has a higher amount of sulphur in it, and the higher this amount the more health benefits there are.

3. Garlic that has been aged has more antioxidants than garlic that is not aged.

4. Garlic can be used in diabetics to lower blood sugar, or continue to keep it low.

5. Too much garlic can cause irritation to your bowels.

6. One of the compounds of Garlic can be used as an anti-fugal.

7. Microwaving garlic will completely kill the antibiotic and anti-fungal properties of it.

8. By crushing fresh organic garlic you will get the most medicinal use out of it.

9. The fresher the garlic and the freshest chopped or crushed the more taste you will get out of it.

10. Garlic has been used for over 5,000 years for medicinal purposes, starting in India.

From reading this you can conclude that by buying raw organic garlic bulbs and only opening them right before you crush or chop them for immediate use, you will get the most medicinal purposes out of your garlic. The smaller the garlic pieces when you are done chopping, mincing or crushing the more of the healing components you will get out of it, these components are activated when you cut the garlic, as time goes by the benefits will diminish, that is why it is very important to only get the garlic ready just before using it. You may also want to note that by using garlic this way you will get more taste out of it, so you can actually use less.